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Consumer Health Question Answering

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Project information
Researchers: 

The consumer health question answering project was launched to support NLM customer services that receive about 90,000 requests a year from a world-wide pool of customers. The requests are categorized by the customer support services staff and are either answered using about 300 stock answers (with or without modifications) or researched and answered by the staff manually. Responding to a customer with a stock reply takes approximately 4 minutes; answering with a personalized stock reply takes about 10 minutes. To reduce the time and cost of customer services, NLM launched the Consumer Health Information and Question Answering (CHIQA) project.  The CHIQA project conducts research in both the automatic classification of customers’ requests and the automatic answering of consumer health questions.

The analysis of the requests identified subsets of reference questions that could be answered automatically.  LHC researchers have developed a customer service support system that categorizes the incoming requests and prepares answers for review by staff responding to customer requests.  The system combines sophisticated statistical methods with knowledge-based natural language processing techniques.  The pilot system was integrated in customer services workflow in May 2014. As the system matures, it could immediately provide answers to customers while they are visiting NLM Web pages.

Datasets

Question Decomposition Data

Question Type Data

CHQA Named Entity Dataset

Consumer Health Spelling Error Dataset

Publications/Tools: 
Kilicoglu H, Fiszman M, Roberts K, Demner-Fushman D. An Ensemble Method for Spelling Correction in Consumer Health Questions. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2015 Nov 5;2015:727-36. eCollection 2015.
Demner-Fushman D, Kilicoglu H, Roberts K, Masterton K, Deardorff A. Consumer Health Question Answering to Automatically Support NLM Customer Services September2015 Technical Report to the LHNCBC Board of Scientific Counselors
Roberts K, Kilicoglu H, Fiszman M, Demner-Fushman D. Automatically classifying question types for consumer health questions. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2014 Nov 14;2014:1018-27. eCollection 2014.
Roberts K, Masterton K, Kilicoglu H, Fiszman M, Demner-Fushman D. Annotating Question Decomposition on Complex Medical Questions. LREC 2014.
Roberts K, Masterton K, Fiszman M, Kilicoglu H, Demner-Fushman D. Annotating Question Types for Consumer Health Questions. LREC 2014, BioTxtM workshop.
Roberts K, Kilicoglu H, Fiszman M, Demner-Fushman D. Decomposing consumer health questions. BioNLP 2014.
Kilicoglu H, Fiszman M, Demner-Fushman D. Interpreting Consumer Health Questions: The Role of Anaphora and Ellipsis. Proceedings of BioNLP 2013. Pages 54-62.
Van Der Volgen J, Harris BR, Demner-Fushman D. Analysis of Consumer Health Questions for Development of Question-Answering Technology. Proceedings of One HEALTH: Information in an Interdependent World, the 2013 Annual Meeting and Exhibition of the Medical Library Association (MLA), 2013.

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