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Comparing the Performance of Man and Machine for TB Screening in Chest Radiographs.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health problem. It is an infectious disease caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which typically affects the lungs. It is most prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, where widespread poverty and malnutrition reduce resistance to the disease. With an estimated 9 million new cases occurring every year, TB is a major health problem in developing countries. One of the most cost effective approaches to screen TB is to use chest x-rays (CXR). TB manifestations can be diagnosed by reviewing a CXR, which is a mandatory part of every evaluation for TB.