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A System for Automated Screening for Tuberculosis using Digital Chest X-rays for Resources-Constrained Regions.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria. It is widespread; about one-third of the world’s population has latent TB. The National Library of Medicine (NLM) is collaborating with AMPATH (the Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare), an organization that runs the largest AIDS treatment program in the world, to develop a system that screens patients in resource-constrained rural Kenya for evidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in chest x-rays. NLM has provided AMPATH with lightweight digital x-ray units for use by their staff to screen the population for the presence of disease. These units are already on site in Eldoret, in western Kenya, and are being readied for deployment in a mobile x-ray truck.