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Design Considerations for Multimedia Programs.
There is no one model or approach for designing and developing programs for learning and performance support with interactive multimedia. But modern interactive multimedia technology offers unique environments for developing programs and it has distinct design requirements. This uniqueness does not obviate the need to know more traditional instructional design theories and models. Indeed, multimedia technology makes knowledge of design theory more important than ever because without such guidance, there is a tendency to employ the technology superficially, exercising its bells and whistles to create programs loaded with pyrotechnics but of little educational value. Multimedia effects are used in ways that make little, if any, contribution to learning or, worse, in ways that actually intrude on the learning process. Instructional design theories provide strategies for ensuring multimedia can be utilized to achieve learning outcomes. Developers need to know how these strategies can be applied in multimedia environments. They also need to be aware of some additional design and development issues that arise when the technology is utilized.