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A robust pointer segmentation in biomedical images toward building a visual ontology for biomedical article retrieval.

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You D, Simpson M, Antani SK, Demner-Fushman D, Thoma GR
Proc. SPIE 8658, Document Recognition and Retrieval XX, 86580Q (February 4, 2013); doi:10.1117/12.2005934.
Abstract: 

Pointers (arrows and symbols) are frequently used in biomedical images to highlight specific image regions of interest (ROIs) that are mentioned in figure captions and/or text discussion. Detection of pointers is the first step toward extracting relevant visual features from ROIs and combining them with textual descriptions for a multimodal (text and image) biomedical article retrieval system. Recently we developed a pointer recognition algorithm based on an edge-based pointer segmentation method, and subsequently reported improvements made on our initial approach involving the use of Active Shape Models (ASM) for pointer recognition and region growing-based method for pointer segmentation. These methods contributed to improving the recall of pointer recognition but not much to the precision. The method discussed in this article is our recent effort to improve the precision rate. Evaluation performed on two datasets and compared with other pointer segmentation methods show significantly improved precision and the highest F1 score. © (2013) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).

You D, Simpson M, Antani SK, Demner-Fushman D, Thoma GR. A robust pointer segmentation in biomedical images toward building a visual ontology for biomedical article retrieval. Proc. SPIE 8658, Document Recognition and Retrieval XX, 86580Q (February 4, 2013); doi:10.1117/12.2005934.