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Combination of texture and shape features to detect pulmonary abnormalities in digital chest X-rays.

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Karargyris A, Siegelman J, Tzortzis D, Jaeger S, Candemir S, Xue Z, KC S, Vajda S, Antani SK, Folio L, Thoma GR
Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg. 2016 Jan;11(1):99-106. doi: 10.1007/s11548-015-1242-x. Epub 2015 Jun 20.
Abstract: 

PURPOSE

To improve detection of pulmonary and pleural abnormalities caused by pneumonia or tuberculosis (TB) in digital chest X-rays (CXRs).

METHODS

A method was developed and tested by combining shape and texture features to classify CXRs into two categories: TB and non-TB cases. Based on observation that radiologist interpretation is typically comparative: between left and right lung fields, the algorithm uses shape features to describe the overall geometrical characteristics of the lung fields and texture features to represent image characteristics inside them.

RESULTS

Our algorithm was evaluated on two different datasets containing tuberculosis and pneumonia cases.

CONCLUSIONS

Using our proposed algorithm, we were able to increase the overall performance, measured as area under the (ROC) curve (AUC) by 2.4 % over our previous work.

Karargyris A, Siegelman J, Tzortzis D, Jaeger S, Candemir S, Xue Z, KC S, Vajda S, Antani SK, Folio L, Thoma GR. Combination of texture and shape features to detect pulmonary abnormalities in digital chest X-rays. Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg. 2016 Jan;11(1):99-106. doi: 10.1007/s11548-015-1242-x. Epub 2015 Jun 20.