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Creating a Software Tool for the Clinical Researcher -- the IPS System
Background: The University of Pittsburgh Medical Center and Schools of the Health Sciences (UPMC-HS) includes both a large integrated healthcare delivery system and a large medical research enterprise. Vast amounts of data have been collected and stored electronically, including narrative reports as well as data in structured databases. Clinical researchers at UPMC-HS have wanted more efficient and comprehensive access to these data. In response to that need, the Center for Biomedical Informatics at the University of Pittsburgh has been developing a software system called IPS (Identify Patient Sets). IPS has three components: De-ID, the IPS Kernel, and Encoder, which we discuss in turn.